Black Ants are very small at about 2-3mm and they are (you guessed it) black.
While the males have wings, the females only have wings until after mating, when they become the reproductive queen ant. Worker ants are sterile and their role is to maintain the nest, gather food and feed the larvae. Soldiers are a also from the worker caste, becoming specialists at defending the nest.
Black Ants can be a pest around homes, especially when they get into the kitchen. They make long trails from the nest to food sources and can come into your home through the tiniest of ingress points under doors, cracks around windows and even tiny holes in the mortar between bricks!
When they are nesting in the house they can sometimes be detected by the mess of black droppings on floors or window sills.
Black Ants have ‘sweet tooths’ and are attracted to sugary foods but also eat seeds and plants.
The queen Black Ant lays small oval eggs. The larvae are fed by the adults when they hatch, and after several moults the larvae pupate.