• Wolf spiders are large, agile, robust ground hunters growing up to 25mm in body length. They are grey-brown in colour with a pattern of bars on their abdomen and radiating marks on the head and thorax.
• Garden wolf spiders are found throughout Australia and make their vertical burrows in the ground of suburban yards and gardens. They can often be seen sitting just inside the entrance to their burrow which has a collar of silk but no lid, and if provoked may rear up in defense or quickly retreat inside.
• They are often seen wandering on lawns and gardens at night in search of prey and sometimes wander into homes. They are robust and agile hunters with excellent eyesight.
• Other species of wolf spider, as well as some trapdoor spiders, make a lid for the opening of their burrow.
• Female wolf spiders carry their egg sac attached to spinnerets under the abdomen and may ‘sun’ it periodically until the young hatch. Upon hatching the spiderlings swarm over their mother and are carried around on her back for a few days before dispersing.
• Wolf spiders will bite and inject venom if continually provoked. The effects of a bite include localised pain, swelling and itching, nausea and headaches.
Wolf Spider Bite Prevention
• Be cautious when walking around the lawn in the evening.
• If you see a wolf spider, do not provoke it.
• Seal cracks on the outside of your home and use screens on doors and windows.
• Keep the patient calm and still.
• Apply a wrapped ice-pack or a cold compress and elevate the limb.
• Take simple pain killers.
• Carefully collect the spider for identification (even if squashed)
• seek medical advice as soon as possible.